Review by our own contributor Malcolm Keating.
Indian philosophy has a history of sophisticated linguistic analysis (Pāṇini’s grammar being the usual example), which includes theories of reference, polysemy, ellipsis, sentential unity, figurative language, and more. Roy Tzohar’s A Yogācāra Buddhist Theory of Metaphor is a sustained argument for attending both to the intertextual nature of Indian philosophy and to the philosophical importance of topics such as metaphor and figurative language. Tzohar’s central thesis is that Sthiramati, a second- or third-century CE Indian Buddhist thinker, has a theory of metaphor (“metaphor” being Tzohar’s preferred translation of the Sanskrit upacāra) which can be understood more broadly as a theory of meaning.
Full text here: https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/a-yogacara-buddhist-theory-of-metaphor/