About elisa freschi

My long-term program is to make "Indian Philosophy" part of "Philosophy". You can follow me also on my personal blog: elisafreschi.com, on Academia, on Amazon, etc.

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  1. Emma Irwin-Herzog on Jaon non-absolutism opens a rich vein of discovery which will yield remarkable insights for a long time to come. Much if not most of the creative thought in Indic philosophy arose between the established doctrines of the sects. Already in ancient times there were scholars who focussed on disputes between authorities, and on that way came to record memorable debates between them. The Upaniṣads then drew on these records for many if their best passages. The Mokṣadharma again makes frequent reference to these wandering scholars.

    Mahāvīra introduced non-absolutism or anenkanta-vāda into Jain thinking, responding to an existing dispute about the categories, whether time should be included as a sixth. That stance one can attribute to the mathematicians then taking an interest in astronomy, and proving their worth as calculators. For time is the basis for all the most sensitive measurements in astronomy.

    From there the trails lead out all over the world! The five categories with Motion and Rest as separate principles show up in the Physics attributed to Aristotle! And we then find him admiring Time as the most sensitive of measures, evidently in response to Plato’s famous lecture on the Good, which curiously approached the topic through astronomy.

    So the physics was in no way original to Aristotle, rather responding to Jain ideas off the caravan routes from India; and Plato was similarly moving with the new astronomy. Back in India, the Jain-Buddhist dialogue started between the founders, and then spead on time through Sāṁkhya to Yoga. And the impact in the Yogaśāstra Bhāshya can be traced right from Mahāvīra! One thread of commentary expounds the samyag-darsana, a,’vidion of rightiousness’ evenly poised between avoiding evil and persuit if the good, very much in the spirit of anenkanta-vāda. But here rethought already in relation to Manu, as an ethical principle, which is worth now raking very seriously. It’s just what Elon Musk now needs to get level again! Indulging gross risks of abuse in persuit of profit is no way good business – rather driven self-destruction.

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